Social housing: A “terrible Damocles sword” for 15 municipalities in Yvelines

The construction of public housing is a real challenge for the municipalities. Threatened by large fines, many towns in Yvelines must also deal with the reluctance of residents. In addition, there is often a land problem, an excessively high price per square meter or a lack of available land.

In this context, the department council helps municipalities that want it to achieve their social housing goal. This particular collaboration has just spawned a first property operation with 90 residential units in Le Pecq. Fifteen cities still lack social housing in Yvelines. *

“Oh yes, it’s very good. Although my studio overlooks the National, I’m not going to complain,” confides a father with a smile on his face, who two weeks ago moved into the Résidence des Lys. In Pecq, his request “considered a priority” due to the unhygienic conditions in his former apartment.

“It was about the same area, 23 m2, except that I went from a rent of 509 euros to 212 euros, blows this former resident of Montesson, who rented into the private park. It’s huge in terms of savings every month. “At the price,” pity if there is no separate bedroom “, the father will adapt when he receives his 14-year-old teenager.

The new building has not come up from the ground, it is a rehabilitation of 120 studio apartments. Because in Pecq, difficult to build new social housing. In addition to the opposition from part of the population, the affluent city with 16,000 inhabitants must also face the problem of land.

Spread over less than 3 kilometers, the city has a purchase price of more than 5,300 euros per. m2. Suffice it to say that property is scarce, like bare land. “I have almost no more land available,” clarifies Mayor (LR) Laurence Bernard. (Editor’s note: Particular Plan of Intervention.) There are therefore real construction difficulties in Le Pecq. “

Fines of up to 55,000 euros per year for Le Pecq

Until then, however, the municipality had to pay a fine of 55,000 euros a year due to lack of public housing. “I had a very bad experience with this decision”, confides the elected representative, who at the time accounted for almost 23% of social housing.

To reach the 25% target, a real estate project had to see the light of day on the former EDF building, but it was abandoned despite opposition from the population. The mayor therefore turned to the department council for financial support as part of the deficiency prevention plan launched in 2018.

The branch body has thus purchased the property complex with Les Résidences Yvelines Essonne. The social landlord then renovated the existing building to create social housing there, enabling the city of Le Pecq to meet its building obligations under the Solidarity and Urban Renewal Act (SRU). Total cost of the operation: almost 13 million euros (10 million for the purchase and 3 million for the work), or 13,000 euros per. housing.

“You must know that the law is a terrible Damocles sword for Yveline’s municipalities, loose Pierre Bédier, chairman (LR) of the department council. The fines can be very high, not to mention the risk of losing land rights, with the threat of the state taking control over the housing, and the enormous difficulty of following the three-year plan for mayors. We therefore decided to invest significant financial resources and a whole technique around it. “

Since the adoption of the deficiency prevention plan, 39 municipalities have adopted a partnership protocol with the department council. This unit is also composed of another part, the real solidarity lease, which the solidarity country office carries.

* According to the prefecture, 15 municipalities are missing for the 2020-2022 triennial: Le Vésinet, Noisy-le-Roi, Marly-le-Roi, Triel-sur-Seine, Vaux-sur-Seine, Villennes-sur-Seine, Maisons-Laffitte, Versailles , L’Etang-la-Ville, Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines, Chatou, Le Chesnay-Rocquencourt, Neauphle-le-Château, Chevreuse, Mareil-Marly. The city of Flins-sur-Seine was removed from the list in 2021 for demographic threshold reasons.

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