President: 66% of Marine Le Pen’s financial proposals have a strong social connotation, notes a survey conducted by Cevipof

Gilles Ivaldi, CNRS researcher, compared the presidential programs of the two main candidates from the radical right to president, Marine Le Pen and Éric Zemmour.

First and foremost, Everyone provides an important place for the economy and the social. These issues cover almost two thirds (65%) of Éric Zemmour’s 385 proposals compared to 74% of Marine Le Pen’s program.

Gilles Ivaldi first of all notes that between the two the match is played due to “credibility”. Marine Le Pen has also recently mocked “the caricature suggestions” from its competitor. As for the candidate for the National Rally, “the importance of economic and social issues is part of a long-term strategy launched after her arrival at the helm of the National Front in 2011,” the political scientist recalls.

This consideration is more recent for the Reconquest candidate, “driven by” the need to also free himself from his status as a “niche” candidate centered on cultural themes “.

“Crisis Social Populism” by Marine Le Pen

Where the two candidates move away is on the social issue. “In 2022, the social issue is, in fact, at the heart of the presidential program for the candidate for RN […] Ten years ago, 59% of the UN’s economic proposals were already pulling towards the economic left. since the UN burst onto the French political scene, ”Gilles Ivaldi analyzes. He notes that Marine Le Pen “bet very early on on a crisis social populism with a strong social tone”

Among the measures we note are the reduction of VAT, the increase in wages, tax exemptions or free transport for young workers, the abolition of increases in TICPE between 2015 and 2018, an extraordinary tax on oil groups, an increase in pensions and minimum old age.

The RN candidate does not forget the “economically entrenched circles on the right” with the “disappearance of several symbolic measures”, such as her retirement from retirement as a 60-year-old or the withdrawal of the labor law that appeared in her 2017 program.

Éric Zemmour’s “popular capitalism”

On the contrary, Éric Zemmour has opted for what Gilles Ivaldi calls “popular capitalism”. “A total of 43% of the measures taken by the Reconquest candidate! Are oriented to the right, more than double that of Marine Le Pen”, he has compatibility with reference to the relief of IFI and inheritance tax, retirement at 64, tax exemption for overtime.

Several right-wing markers stand out from his program, such as the reduction of state spending by 15 billion euros or the promise to end welfare. The study notes that the candidate “takes over fiscal poujadism, which has long been a strong element of Jean-Marie Le Pen’s economic program” Thus, during a speech in Cannes on January 22, Éric Zemmour criticized the tax administration, which “chases down taxpayers, puts “to chase those who work, those who pay for others, without saying a word, without giving way, it is no longer a tax administration, it is a Soviet bureaucracy. We demand an end to Bercy’s tyranny!”

Gilles Ivaldi notes, however, that in addition to “the strong aspects of campaign rhetoric”, Éric Zemmour is far from the liberal positioning of Jean-Marie Le Pen, the presidential candidate. In 1986, liberal measures accounted for 79% of the UN program and 61% in 2002.

Éric Zemmour should also speak to the most modest categories by promising a pay rise, reimbursement of fuel costs or a € 10,000 maternity grant.

Protectionism in line with the expectations of their followers

Finally, the study emphasizes that Éric Zemmour and Marine Le Pen agree on economic nationalism. Protectionist measures represent a quarter (25%) of Éric Zemmour’s economic project and 14% of Marine Le Pens.

The candidate, who has given up the idea of ​​leaving the euro, is in favor of “a Polish model in 2022, which aims to confirm the primacy of national law over European law”. A guideline that we also find in Éric Zemmour. The survey recalls “the adequacy of the candidates’ protectionist offerings in relation to the expectations of their supporters: no less than 42% of potential voters of Éric Zemmour thus believe that” at the economic level, France should close more “., As well as 36% of the lepenist voters, against 30% of Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s voters and only 18% of Emmanuel Macron’s supporters. “

In conclusion, the political scientist notes that the impact of the war on the purchasing power of the French benefits Marine Le Pen. “By betting on a social populist program of ‘crisis’ with a strong social tone, even before the outbreak of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the candidate of the National Rally made the bet to tackle a France weakened by the effects of the pandemic and perhaps added this occasion the basis for his qualification for the second round against Emmanuel Macron ”.

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