Environment – The world is exploring solutions to global warming

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195 countries begin talks on Monday to find solutions to limit global warming. The IPCC is due to publish its next report on April 4.

In the first part of its report published in August 2021, the IPCC pointed to the acceleration of global warming and predicted that the threshold of + 1.5 ° C compared to the pre-industrial era could already be reached around 2030..

AFP

While the war in Ukraine highlights hydrocarbon-dependent economies, 195 countries on Monday begin approving a report on scenarios that could help curb global warming and its devastating effects.

After more than a century and a half of economic development with fossil fuels, the world has risen on average around + 1.1 ° C compared to the pre-industrial era, having already multiplied heat waves, droughts, storms or devastating floods. The new report by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on reducing emissions, which will be published on April 4 after two weeks of heated discussions online and behind closed doors, “will paint a picture that saddens our dependence on fossil fuels , “said Stephen Cornelius of the WWF, who has an observer seat in the negotiations.

In the first part of its report published in August 2021, the IPCC pointed to the acceleration of global warming and predicted that the threshold of + 1.5 ° C compared to the pre-industrial era – the most ambitious goal of the Paris Agreement – could already reached around 2030. The second, in late February, described as a “collection of human suffering” by the head of the UN, painted a more than gloomy picture of past, present and future impacts on humans and ecosystems, pointing out that delay in action reduces the chances of a “viable future”. The third opus will look at the possible ways to slow down global warming, by breaking down the opportunities in large sectors (energy, transport, industry, agriculture, etc.), without forgetting the issues of social acceptance and the place of technologies such as collection and carbon storage.

“We are talking about a large-scale transformation of all the major systems: energy, transport, infrastructure, buildings, agriculture and food,” climate economist Céline Guivarch, one of the authors of the report, told AFP.

“Humanity at a Crossroads”

Major transformations that must be “started now” if we are to be able to achieve CO2 neutrality by 2050, she added, stressing that it is “never too late to act” and avoid the worse. These issues, which affect the very organization of our way of life, consumption and production, risk giving rise to lively discussions in these two weeks, where the 195 states will search line by line, word for word, the “summary for decision makers”, a kind of condensed form of the thousands of pages in the scientific report.

In a context that has become even more “flammable” by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, notes Alden Meyer, an analyst at think tank E3G, who expects to talk about the conflict. On the climate front, he hopes that this war “in the long run” will “give more momentum and momentum to the need to get out of gas and oil in general”. “This is a crucial report released at a crucial time when states, companies and investors are recalibrating their plans to accelerate the rapid exit from fossil fuels and the transition to sustainable and more resilient food systems,” Kaisa said. The cosone from Greenpeace.

“Now more than ever, the IPCC must deliver concrete and practical tools to humanity that stand at a crossroads.” While the UN’s current commitments under the UN, if complied with, would lead to a “catastrophic” warming of + 2.7 ° C, the signatories of the Paris Agreement are urged to strengthen their ambitions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by the UN Climate Conference COP27 in Egypt in November. “We know what to do, and for a long time (…) our leaders must get us out of fossil fuels,” insists Taryn Fransen, of the World Resources Institute. “They will, or they will not.”

(AFP)

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