In anticipation of a mass arrival of refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine, the EU has set up a temporary protection system giving them a special status (see on this point Instr. Of 10 March 2022, NOR: INTV2208095).
Central, of course, is the issue of accommodation for these refugees.
Following the push for national solidarity, on March 8, 2022, the government set up an official platform: “I am committed to Ukraine”, intended to support citizens wishing to host Ukrainian refugees and host France.
Launched in an emergency to channel private initiatives, this platform required the intervention of prefects to structure the offer and organize institutional relays.
This second step takes the form of a joint instruction from the Ministerial Delegate to the Minister of Ecological Transformation, responsible for Housing, and the Ministerial Delegate to the Minister of the Interior, responsible for Citizenship.
Not yet published, this instruction aims to organize the reception of refugees, then their accommodation and “as soon as possible” their accompaniment to accommodation.
The prefects are asked to implement the following two guidelines:
organize the accommodation offered to recipients of temporary protection;
organize access to housing and mobilize the supply of citizen housing.
Organize the accommodation offered to recipients of temporary protection
First of all, there is the issue of preserving reception capacity under ordinary law. In this context, it is stated that persons benefiting from the temporary protection introduced are not intended to be accommodated either within the framework of the national reception system (DNA), reserved for asylum seekers, or in the general emergency accommodation.
Mention is also made, even before the granting of temporary protection, of immediate care in a “separate dwelling” and for a very short period (two to three nights) of newcomers, after which, once this temporary status has been granted, reference is made. of refugees for emergency accommodation ad hoc (collective and supplemented by social support).
This emergency stay for recipients of temporary protection, to be organized at departmental level and, in case of saturation of reception needs, in the region, or even at national level, will take place “while waiting for their access to housing or other permanent housing” .
It is stated that the emergency, which may last for several months, will require the mobilization of local authorities and associate operators.
Organize access to housing and mobilize the citizen housing offer
This organization responds to the situation of displaced Ukrainian households with no prospect of returning.
It will require administrative support (access to rights, various registrations), but also social support (education, integration, job search, etc.).
An integration process is then envisaged, which will allow them to move from housing to housing delivery.
This involves a census (via the dedicated platform: “I am committed to Ukraine”) of housing provided by partners of public authorities (social landlords, local authorities, institutional actors, realtors and private developers.
This also involves taking into account the initiatives of individuals. This is referred to as a proposal for “citizen housing”.
Mobilization of entire residences by public authority partners
This approach, to be communicated by an association, will favor “whole and independent housing”, which is available for at least three months:
either free of charge (or for a symbolic counterparty), resulting in the signing between the owner and the association of a loan contract (commodat) or a temporary agreement on precarious occupation;
or whose rent will, as far as possible, be covered by housing benefit.
The association will then sign a lease with the owner, then a sublease with the beneficiary household.
Standard agreements are being prepared by the Danish Housing Information Agency (ANIL).
Citizens’ residence in private homes
This situation involves a cohabitation between the host families and the refugees (we are talking about “voluntary displaced persons”) orchestrated by a branch association operator (who will be especially responsible for selecting the hosts according to their motivation).
A tripartite contract (host / association / beneficiary) will be signed stating the duration of the stay as well as all the obligations that burden the guests (rules of life, possible participation in costs, etc.).
Although it would be preferable to make free housing available, financing circuits are planned with, as a last resort, the state relay (for a limited period of EUR 200 per dwelling and per month).
Specifically, with regard to the entire home rented / sublet, it is expected that the rental agency of an approved association will be carried out for € 2,200 per. created space and per. year.