What to remember from the Russian-Ukrainian negotiations on Tuesday
A new round of Russian-Ukrainian negotiations was held on Tuesday in Istanbul, Turkey. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Cavusoglu paid tribute on Tuesday “most significant progress” since the beginning of the war, stating that negotiations would not resume on Wednesday. “Now it will be up to the foreign ministers of the two countries to meet to resolve the most difficult issues”, he added, after three hours of discussions between the Russian and Ukrainian delegations. According to Turkish media, the leaders of the two delegations met face to face on the sidelines of the discussions.
- Moscow says they want to reduce “radical” his military activity in Ukraine
Russia promised on Tuesday that “radical” reduce its military activity in the direction of Kiev and Chernihiv in Ukraine. “When the negotiations on an agreement on Ukraine’s neutrality and non-nuclear status entered into a practical dimension (…), it was decided, in order to increase confidence, to drastically reduce military activity in the direction of Kiev and Chernihiv.said Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin in Istanbul after the talks.
The head of the Russian delegation and representative of the Kremlin, Vladimir Medinsky, reported on “significant conversations” and said that the proposals “clear” of Ukraine for the purpose of an agreement should be “studied very soon and presented to the President” Vladimir Poutine.
According to him, a meeting between the Ukrainian leaders Volodymyr Zelensky and Russian Vladimir Putin and representatives of guarantor states would be possible in case of an agreement to end the hostilities. “Regarding a meeting between the two presidents, we have said from the beginning that it will be possible when there is an agreement (…) The meeting can be multilateral, with the participation of guarantor states”he said.
“After today’s extensive discussion, we have reached an agreement and suggest that the meeting take place to initialize the agreement”he said. “Provided we (do) work quickly on the agreement and find the necessary compromises, the possibility of making peace will come closer”said Mr. Medinski.
Medinski described the Ukrainian approach as “constructive”and stated that Russia “give an answer”. According to him, any agreement would be signed by the diplomats of the two countries in the presence of MM. Putin and Zelensky.
- Kyiv’s neutrality is subject to guarantees for its security from foreign powers
In another statement on Russian television, he described detailed proposals put forward earlier by Kiev, which would commit to neutrality, provided foreign powers guarantee its security.
Ukraine will also agree not to host foreign military bases and to adopt a statute “non-nuclear”.
Ukraine will agree to be neutral if it achieves one “international agreement” to guarantee its security, of which several countries would be signatories and act as guarantors, the dealer also stated. Neutrality means that Kiev is giving up joining NATO, a red line for Moscow, but Ukraine in turn asks that Western states guarantee its security.
For the Ukrainian chief negotiator, David Arakhamia, these guarantees must provide the same type of protection as Article 5 of the Atlantic Alliance Treaty, which stipulates that an attack on one of its members is an attack on all.
kyiv proposes that these guarantees do not immediately cover Crimea, which was annexed by Russia in 2014, nor the territories that have been under the control of pro-Russian separatists since 2014. These disputes will have to be the subject of separate negotiations.
According to the Russian negotiator, Kiev wants Moscow to commit not to oppose Ukraine’s accession to the EU.
- Joe Biden was to discuss Ukraine with European leaders
US President Joe Biden was due to speak to European leaders on Tuesday about the war in Ukraine, the White House announced. The phone call scheduled for 6 p.m. 9.15 Washington time (15.15 Paris time) with the French, British, German and Italian leaders, aiming to “discuss recent developments regarding the Russian invasion of Ukraine”said a spokesman.