Mileva Maric is a physicist who has made a major contribution to the revolution in science. She was the wife of Albert Einstein, the ingenious scientist and physicist of the 20th century. On the other hand, Mileva has been completely forgotten by science textbooks. Today she would have celebrated her 142nd birthday.
She is the first woman to have contributed to scientific evolution. In addition, she helped her husband with many works. Evidence of this collaboration can be found in various books. But his hard work was not recognized by the general public. Since 1896, she had helped Einstein conduct her research better, and that until their separation in 1914.
They were two people united by a passion for science and physics. Albert Einstein and Mileva Maric Einstein therefore both studied physics and mathematics, and became inseparable. They wrote to each other all the time and even during the school holidays. Mileva retained some of her letters, some of which were exhibited later. Together they became great scientists. Mileva, on the other hand, was not very recognized by everyone because she was a woman.
Who was Mileva Maric ?
Mileva Ajnstajn-Maric was born on December 19, 1875 in Titel, Serbia. She is of Hungarian origin because Titel was previously located in the province of Austria-Hungary. She comes from a wealthy family of Orthodox religion and is the eldest of three children whose father is a former soldier. Shortly after Mileva’s birth, her father got a position at the court in Ruma and then Agram (Zagreb), Croatia.
In 1886 she entered the Girl’s College in Novi Sad and studied there for two years. In 1888 she moved to the high school in Mitrovica, near Ruma. A school equipped with chemistry and physics laboratories. It was during this time that Mileva found his interest in physics and mathematics.
His school career
In 1890, Mileva graduated with excellent grades in mathematics and physics. She then decided to continue her studies at the Agram School, where she was privileged. In fact, she was able to attend physics classes, which at the time were reserved for boys. During the summer of 1896 she left her country to study medicine at the University of Zurich. Shortly after her arrival in Zurich, she resumed her studies in mathematics and physics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich or ETH, one of the German-speaking institutes at the time handing out diplomas to women. Mileva was also the only woman in her class.
The meeting between Mileva Maric and Albert Einstein
Mileva Maric and Albert Einstein crossed paths during a physics course at ETHZ. Unfortunately, she left ETHZ in 1897 to study analytical mechanics and number theory in Germany in Heidelberg. During this time she always kept in touch with Einstein. When she returned to Zurich, she began an intense collaboration with Albert Einstein and other classmates, Marcel Grossmann and Michele Besso.
Their lives together
In 1901, Mileva left the Polytechnic without a diploma. She was therefore unable to complete her doctorate. Pregnant with her first child, she gave birth to her daughter Lieserl in Serbia in 1902. No reliable information about the child has been found; some claim she was adopted and others that she died quite young. On January 6, 1905, Mileva and Albert decide to marry despite Einstein’s parents’ rejection. The wedding took place in Bern, in the presence of two witnesses. From this association two children were born: Hans Albert on 14 May 1904 and Eduard Tete on 28 July 1910.
The couple separated between 1913 and 1914. Mileva stayed in Zurich with her two children, while Albert was transferred to Berlin. Around 1919 they are officially separated, a divorce has been handed down by the judge. Albert decides that the money for a possible Nobel Prize must be paid in full to Mileva Maric. In 1921, Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics and was used to treat schizophrenia in their son, Eduard.
Mileva Maric died on August 4, 1948 in Zurich at the age of 72 years. It is hard to prove that she contributed to Albert Einstein’s worldwide success. The letters they wrote to each other were purely scientific and were based on the work of Albert Einstein. Mileva Maric could not store all the documents properly, making it a little difficult to find out the truth. In 2019, physicist and author Gabriella Greison asked ETH Zurich to award a posthumous degree to Mileva Maric, which was rejected.
To move on, also discover 10 women forgotten by school books that have revolutionized science nonetheless.